Create table CUG drop table CUG cascade constraints; create table CUG ( id_cug number(12) not null primary key, id_B number(12) not null, type number(1), foreign key (id_B) references The BEFORE or AFTER option in the CREATE TRIGGER statement specifies exactly when to fire the trigger body in relation to the triggering statement that is being run. In general, you use BEFORE or AFTER triggers to achieve the following results: Use BEFORE row triggers to modify the row before the row data is written to disk. In more realistic examples, you might test if one column value is less than another.
For example, assume that the table new was created as follows: CREATE TABLE new ( field1 NUMBER, field2 VARCHAR2(20)); The following CREATE TRIGGER example shows a trigger defined on the new Let's create a compound trigger first:
CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER TEST_TRIG_COMPOUND
COMPOUND TRIGGER /* Declaration Section*/ v_count NUMBER; AFTER EACH ROW IS Is this plagiarism? If you closely look at the output, you will see only 5 objects shown in invalid status while statement level trigger showed 6 objects in invalid status.
For more information, see Oracle Database Vault Administrator's Guide. If the LOGON trigger raises an exception, logon fails except in the following cases: Database startup and shutdown operations do not fail even if the system triggers for these events raise Thanks a lot Reply banoj ku swain said February 6, 2011 at 12:04 am nice article.it helps me a lot.
These statements are executed if the triggering statement is entered and if the trigger restriction (if any) evaluates to TRUE. For example, triggers are commonly used to: Provide sophisticated auditing Prevent invalid transactions Enforce referential integrity (either those actions not supported by declarative constraints or across nodes in a distributed database) Sometimes, the AUDIT statement is considered a security audit facility, while triggers can provide financial audit facility. CREATE GLOBAL TEMPORARY TABLE tab1_mods ( id NUMBER(10), action VARCHAR2(10) ) ON COMMIT DELETE ROWS; Next, we recreate the package body to use the global temporary table in place of the
Another solution is actually more of a preventative measure, namely, using the right type of trigger for the task at hand. For example I give the starting date and end date. For tbl, the values 1 through 5 are inserted into n, while m is kept at 0. The introduction of Compound Triggers in Oracle 11g Release 1 makes solving mutating table errors much simpler as a single trigger definition can perform most of the actions.
If I have 4 rows, and you have 4 rows and we in isolation perform a set based operation on those 4 rows -- we had BETTER GET THE SAME ANSWER, Have you considered the multi-user implications in your logic? If you must update a mutating table, you can bypass these restrictions by using a temporary table, a PL/SQL table, or a package variable. The trigger cannot miss rows that were changed but not committed by another transaction, because the foreign key constraint guarantees that no matching foreign key rows are locked before the after-row
Sean Followup January 26, 2004 - 7:01 pm UTC insert into t1_arch( c1, c2 ) values ( :old.c1, :old.c2 ); you don't want to "select it", you already have it. http://www.geekinterview.com/question_details/38947 The column TRIGGERING_EVENT includes all system and DML events. For example, in place of a single AFTER row trigger that updates the original table, resulting in a mutating table error, you might use two triggers—an AFTER row trigger that updates Followup August 27, 2007 - 3:59 pm UTC please - impact the application avoid triggers to perform black magic you will never be sorry - you will be sorry if you
Hall has some great notes on mutating table errors, and offers other ways to avoid mutating tables with a combination of row-level and statement-level triggers. INSERT triggers fire during SQL*Loader conventional loads. (For direct loads, triggers are disabled before the load.) The IGNORE parameter of the IMP statement determines whether triggers fire during import operations: If It is a random rule) No, if the order in which the rows are updated makes a DIFFERENCE IN THE RESULT, we call that "non-deterministic" in the world of relational databases You cannot specify UPDATE OF clauses on collection columns.
Mutating table July 25, 2005 - 12:29 pm UTC Reviewer: Freddy G Molina from Pomona, CA USA As usual tom's answers are superb. We specified a foreign key between "B" and "A" with the CASCADE DELETE option. Sponsored Links Open Questions Answered Open Questions Call fieldcontrolsHow can we call fieldcontrols in PL/SQL programming?Asked by: jalaramaiah_kCall soap web service from PL/SQLHow a SOAP web service can be called from For example, without the BULK COLLECT clause, a FORALL statement that contains an INSERT statement simply performs a single-row insertion operation many times, and you get no benefit from using a
It is when the triggering statement affects many rows that a compound trigger has a performance benefit. For example, if you create a trigger that fires after all CREATE events, then the trigger itself does not fire after the creation, because the correct information about this trigger was For example, suppose that a compound trigger is triggered by the following statement: INSERT INTO Target SELECT c1, c2, c3 FROM Source WHERE Source.c1 > 0 For each row of Source
May 17, 2005 - 9:12 am UTC Reviewer: Arun from Hyderabad, India Hi Tom, What exactly do you mean by 'unstable set of rows' seen by a trigger. What exactly causes mutating table errors and how would our DBA have fixed the problem? All legitimate Oracle experts publish their Oracle qualifications. CREATE OR REPLACE PACKAGE trigger_api AS PROCEDURE tab1_row_change (p_id IN tab1.id%TYPE, p_action IN VARCHAR2); PROCEDURE tab1_statement_change; END trigger_api; / SHOW ERRORS CREATE OR REPLACE PACKAGE BODY trigger_api AS TYPE t_change_rec IS
The body of the trigger includes an exception-handling part, which includes a WHEN OTHERS exception that invokes RAISE_APPLICATION_ERROR. insert into table (EMPTY_PHOTO) <<<=== index maintained dbms_lob.write( the blob ); <<<=== index not maintained result - length of 0 or NULL is registered in the index. Restrictions on Creating Triggers Coding triggers requires some restrictions that are not required for standard PL/SQL blocks. An anonymous block is compiled each time it is loaded into memory, and its compilation has three stages: Syntax checking: PL/SQL syntax is checked, and a parse tree is generated.
SQL> INSERT INTO tab1 (id, description) VALUES (tab1_seq.NEXTVAL, 'ONE'); INSERT INTO tab1 (id, description) VALUES (tab1_seq.NEXTVAL, 'ONE') * ERROR at line 1: ORA-04091: table TEST.TAB1 is mutating, trigger/function may not see Note: Exactly one table or view can be specified in the triggering statement. Made the trigger autonomous with a commit in it. The expression in a WHEN clause must be a SQL expression, and it cannot include a subquery.
Two correlation names exist for every column of the table being modified: one for the old column value, and one for the new column value. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Email (Address never made public) Name Website You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. (LogOut/Change) You are commenting using Because in such a case, the table count is queried after the delete is fully executed.Was this answer useful?Yes Reply ASHOK Aug 31st, 2012 MUTATING : MUTATING TRIGGER Steve Callan has these notes on the ORA-04091 error: "Here is a problem many developers run into: ORA-04091 table owner.table_name is mutating, trigger/function may not see it.
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